The Bauhaus School

The International Style is often dubbed the Bauhaus style, after the title of the Arts and Crafts School which operated in Germany between the two world wars (1919-1933) and was closed down with the rise of the Nazi regime. The word 'Bauhaus' denoted 'house of building'. Many prominent architects taught in the Bauhaus, among them: Walter Gropius, Mi?s van der Rohe, and Hannes Meyer, contributing to the development of the language of new architecture. The ideological point of departure for the Bauhaus and other modernist movements was that the work's end result, the product, must have social justification. The "style", namely the form in and of itself, was not perceived as an objective. The Bauhaus was a response to the question, what kind of training should an artist be given in order to take his place in the Machine Age, and its professed goal was to incorporate art in life. Reference to "technological progress" was an important part of the platform introduced by those artistic movements: As Gropius asserted about the Bauhaus and its approach to the world in the Machine Age, the goal of the new style was

"@@" (Reyner Banham, Theory and Design in the First Machine Age, MIT Press, 1978, p. 335).