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Cubism



The first decades of the 20th century were revolutionary years in the fields of art and design. The conceptual and visual impact of the movements established throughout Europe at that time is still discernible in contemporary art. Painting and sculpture in the "First Machine Age" contributed approaches, images, and forms which greatly influenced the formation of the language of modern architecture.
The method of cubist analysis was developed by Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Juan Gris, Robert Delaunay, Alexander Archipenko, and others. Despite crucial differences between the ideas underlying cubism and those of other artists and artistic movements, it clearly served as a point of departure for many of the artistic movements active in the early decades of the 20th century, among them: Italian Futurism, the Dutch De-Stijl, the Bauhaus school in Germany, Soviet Constructivism, etc. All these movements share the belief that a work of art is a self-contained universe, arranged by its own intrinsic rules. Artists no longer sought to depict or mimic the existing reality. Thus, art in the early 20th century started "delving into itself": into line, color, form, texture, and composition. Similarly, the basic building blocks - such as space, structural and functional elements - were recognized as the rudiments of architectural expression.